HOUSING POLICIES IN CATALONIA
The economic and financial crisis has made it necessary to prioritise housing policies that focus on resolving housing emergencies. These policies are embodied in the processing of a regulatory body of laws with a marked social character. The aim is to occupy vacant housing stock instead of constructing new homes:
– A decree of urgent extraordinary measures for the mobilisation of housing from foreclosure processes
– A law on the taxation of empty houses and apartments
– A law comprising urgent measures to tackle the emergency in the area of housing and energy poverty
AFFORDABLE RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAMME
The Catalan Land Institute (INCASÒL), acting as a public housing developer, is the body in charge of promoting public housing for the Government of Catalonia.
In its 35 years of existence it has built 37,071 homes, 19,795 of which were rentals.
The Catalan Land Institute (INCASÒL) plans, finances and constructs housing.
The Catalan Housing Agency administers, manages and uses the housing stock on behalf of the Catalan Land Institute.
The Catalan Land Institute is the owner of the housing units.
AIMS OF THE PROGRAMME
To promote new rental developments for the 2017-2020 period
To prioritise rental contracts in order to maintain public housing ownership
To create activity in the construction and architecture sector
To promote environmentally sustainable actions
STRUCTURAL PROGRAMME: 2017 – 2020
2017 · 1st Phase 136 homes → 4 developments · Projects being drafted
2018 · 2nd Phase 186 homes → 5 developments · Call for tenders from architects
2019 · 3rd Phase 300 homes → 8 developments · Underway
2020 · 4th Phase 400 homes → 11 developments · Underway
Planned investment €95 M in 28 rental development projects
INVESTMENT AND FUNDING
INVESTMENT- SECURITY DEPOSITS
Deposits from rental contracts on housing, commercial premises, car parks, industrial warehouses, etc.
The law establishes that this money is to be used to carry out housing policies.
The land comes from property owned, municipal transfer, surface rights or administrative concession. The cooperation instrument is the agreement.
Dependent on market prices with discounts of between 20% and 40% and always below or equal to official protected (government funded) housing rates.
IDENTIFYING DEMAND – MARKET AND DEMAND STUDY
Planning actions in towns with verified demand, guaranteeing the social aims of the housing and the economic sustainability of the development project
Determining the type of housing: number of bedrooms and bathrooms, surface area, fittings, etc.
Analysis of the socio-economic situation of the town or neighbourhood
Demographic data from the area
Types of family groups and types of housing in relation to their environment
Number of rooms per housing unit
Number of people per housing unit
A study of the rental rates in the town or neighbourhood using our own data, data from real estate agents in the area, public agencies, etc.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DEVELOPMENTS
Reduction of energy consumption
Generation of renewable energy